Poster for the original French translation, La Tzigane. , The first London performance in German did not take place until 1895. HITOMI Memorial Hall, Tokyo 'His stick technique is very clear, but he uses his body terribly well too,' says Saunders. She convinces everyone that she is Hungarian by singing the "Czardas", a sentimental dancing-song ("KlÃ¤nge der Heimat"/"Sounds from home"). After Eisenstein leaves, Rosalinde is visited by her former lover, the singing teacher Alfred, who serenades her ("TÃ¤ubchen, das entflattert ist"/"Dove that has escaped"). 152 tracks (736:59). Carlos Kleiber and Strauss' Die Fledermaus: A Lifelong Obsession . Earlier Kleiber/Domingo Otellos in 1980 and 1987 have been among the supreme events in Covent Garden's recent troubled history, and the new performances have been sold out for weeks. ', He thrives on creative tension. That's what he likes. Loading player… Scrobble from Spotify? 4 and Symphony No. Directed by Brian Large. About his performances, suggests the writer Helena Matheopoulos, there is a Dionysioan divine madness. 'I remember once during rehearsals he must have thought we were going through the motions a bit, because he suddenly threw down his baton and shouted: 'No, no. However, Rosalinde produces his watch, and he realizes that the Hungarian mystery-woman he tried to seduce at Orlofsky's party was actually Rosalinde in disguise and that he, not she, is at fault. Some time before, after a costume-party, Eisenstein had abandoned Falke, very drunk and dressed in a bat-costume, in the center of town, exposing him to ridicule the next day. He is easy, unpretentious and delightful company. Johann Strauss Jr. The young Carlos quickly showed musical ability. Kleiber's unique conducting style is preserved on video in a number of performances: Beethoven's Symphony No. Andante con moto and more). But not in London, unfortunately. His father was also one of the great conductors of the 20th Century, the Austrian Erich Kleiber (1890-1956). Blind. I know he does. Carlos Kleiber has lived a restless life. He was indeed. Playback options Listening on… Switch Spotify device; Open in Spotify Web Player; Change playback source Open on YouTube website; Change playback source Previous Play Next Skip to YouTube video. 'Violins - please put some butter on it,' he once upbraided the Covent Garden orchestra in a Rosenkavalier rehearsal. 'He makes them feel they can do it. Frank further tells Eisenstein that the man he arrested was singing amorous songs to Rosalinde at the time of his arrest, and warmly kissed her goodbye. Bernard Haitink once told another interviewer, 'He is an extraordinary man, above all the others.' He watches a lot of television, smokes, eats a lot while remaining thin, and is extremily interested in politics. In a rousing finale, Orlofsky makes a toast to champagne, and the company celebrates (The Champagne song: "Im Feuerstrom der Reben"/"In the fire stream of the grape"; followed by the canon: "BrÃ¼derlein, BrÃ¼derlein und Schwesterlein"/"Brothers, brothers and sisters" and the waltz finale, "Ha, welch ein Fest, welche Nacht voll Freud'! Frank, the governor of the prison, arrives to take Eisenstein to jail, and finds Alfred instead. But there is no law that requires a genius to run here, there and everywhere on the say-so of record company moguls, corporate sponsors and agents. His list of recordings is tiny. Enraged, Eisenstein takes Dr. 'It was desperately unfair and terribly stupid of the critics,' recalls an LSO musician. Carlos Kleiber (3 July 1930 - 13 July 2004) was a German-born Austrian conductor. Kleiber was furious. DIE FLEDERMAUS - "Overture" - Monaco di Baviera Nationaltheater 1987 - Live Direttore CARLOS KLEIBER (1930-2004) Orchestra di Stato Bavarese. In the whole of that 15 year relationship with Covent Garden, though, Kleiber has conducted just a solitary orchestral concert in this country. Carolyn Watson. Eisenstein, Rosalinde, and Alfred sing a trio in which Eisenstein angrily claims the right of vengeance (Trio: "Ja, ich bin's, den ihr betrogen...Ra-ra-ra-ra-Rache will ich! Die Fledermaus has been adapted numerous times for the cinema and for TV: For the BDSM author who sometimes used the pseudonym Fledermaus, see, Because many English versions of the opera exist, character names can occasionally vary: Ida, for example, is called Sally in the Schirmer translation, see, Les Annales du ThÃ©Ã¢tre et de la Musique, International Music Score Library Project, Die Fledermaus The Guide to Musical Theatre â, Operetta "Die Fledermaus" ("The Bat") in Moscow Operetta, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Die_Fledermaus&oldid=1011699850, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 March 2021, at 09:56. Gabriel von Eisenstein, a Viennese man-about-town, has been sentenced to eight days in prison for insulting an official, partially due to the incompetence of his attorney, Dr. ', Kleiber's ability to communicate imaginatively is what most impresses the musicians who work with him. He takes risks and asks for similarly audacious striving from his fellow performers. The party of Act II allows productions to insert a variety of additional entertainment acts, such as music, comedy, or dance. 'He knows everything. Other conductors do everything the same way. The repertoire of works he will perform is very restricted. Very few people have this gift. Famous father was apparently no best pleased. But just watch the total independence of Carlos's hands. I try to please him all the time, not just because I want to please him but because I know he's right. Anyone who thinks he can patch up a burnt-out marriage with a little hanky-panky on the side should make sure he doesn't wind up with his own wife. Comes the dawn: behind bars. 13 tracks (61:24). Allegro con brio, Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op.67: 2. His studio recordings, indeed, now seem to have entirely dried up. Eisenstein bids farewell to Adele and his wife Rosalinde, pretending he is going to prison (Trio: "O Gott, wie rÃ¼hrt mich dies! Yet it masks the extent of his scholarship and sympathies. Meilhac and HalÃ©vy's play was soon translated into German by Karl Haffner (1804â1876), at the instigation of Max Steiner, as a non-musical play for production in Vienna. Â© 2021 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies. 'What can I say?' 'He tells me, 'I only conduct when I am hungry.' He has tried his hand at stories and novels - he is a great lover of Saki - though none has ever been published. During an amorous tÃªte-Ã -tÃªte, Eisenstein tries unsuccessfully to persuade the mystery-woman to unmask. Playing via Spotify Playing via YouTube. DIE FLEDERMAUS: Bildergalerie. Eisenstein and Frank dash off as the clock strikes six in the morning. He knows every goddam piece. 'One of the sad things is that Carlos doesn't work more. In 1935, the Kleiber family emigrated to Buenos Aires, after Erich Kleiber had resigned his post at the Berlin Opera in protest over the Nazi Party's policies. Since neither actually knows French, both are fooled. Even an admiring Herbert von Karajan himself was unable to tempt Kleiber to take a date with the Berlin Philharmonic, an engagement which any other conductor in the world would have grabbed without a second thought. Orlofsky promises to finance Adele's acting career, and the company joyfully reprises the "Champagne song" from Act 2. 'I admire his total involvement in a score,' Domingo explains. He has studied the meaning of the music like no one else. The story of that concert - perhaps the single most controversial London concert hall event of the 1980s - goes a long way to explain why people in the music business are so sensitive about press comment about the conductor. 1 talking about this. "/"Oh dear, oh dear, how sorry I am") but really intending to postpone jail for one day and have fun at the ball. The role of Orlofsky is a trouser role, usually performed by a mezzo-soprano, sometimes by a countertenor and occasionally â an octave lower â by a tenor.. His sister Veronica is now an Italian citizen who lives in Milan, while his wife Stanka is a Yugoslav (the Kleibers have a son Marko and a daughter Lilian.) Blind to help get him released; Frank agrees to allow this and Dr. With the exception of the Observer's Peter Heyworth who thought it 'one of the most marvellous concerts I ever heard', the reviews were devastatingly hostile. He is a celebrated canceller and, it is said, an avid reader of the newspapers. 'He knows it so much better than anybody else. Twelve months ago this morning Carlos Kleiber 's name suddenly became known to millions, as he marched briskly on to the platform of the Grosser Saal of the Musikverein in Vienna to conduct the traditional New Year's Day concert of waltzes and polkas which is nowadays televised to all corners of the globe. 'When I work with him,' says Placido Domingo, 'I feel that he knows somehow why the composer wrote every note, treated every phrase.' He refuses to be at the beck and call of the record industry or the opera and concert managements who bombard him with offers. Discover more music, concerts, videos, and pictures with the largest catalogue online at Last.fm. In order not to compromise Rosalinde, Alfred agrees to pretend to be Eisenstein and to accompany Frank. He never gives interviews and dislikes having his photograph taken. Apprentice years followed, as an assistant opera conductor in Dusseldorf, during which he performed a much wider repertoire than is nowadays associated with him, before his appointment from 1966-68 as Kapellmeister at the Stuttgart Opera. Eisenstein enters and says he has come to serve his sentence. Carlos Kleiber. Johann Strauss Jr. With Bavarian State OrchestraMay 19th,1986Syowa Women's Univ. Time and again in researching this profile, contacts have given warnings not to put the Otello at risk that to publish this or that fact could endanger patiently and laboriously constructed working relationships with Kleiber and provisional agreements with him over future work. Blind arrives. The Daily Telegraph's Robert Henderson called it 'a disastrously unhappy affair' adding that the concert was 'bewildering in its coarseness and insensitivity.' 'He has this tightly drawn temperament which gives him this extraordinary ability to impart trust to an orchestra,' says Mark Elder. He is said to have vowed never to conduct a London concert ever again. Die Fledermaus was sung in English at London's Alhambra Theatre on 18 December 1876, with its score modified by Hamilton Clarke. On 10 September 1872, a three-act French vaudeville play by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic HalÃ©vy, Le RÃ©veillon, loosely based on the Benedix farce, opened at the ThÃ©Ã¢tre du Palais-Royal. Listen free to Carlos Kleiber – J Strauss - Die Fledermaus Acts Ⅱ&Ⅲ. She accepts this explanation and immediately forgives him unconditionally. Do something different. 'It was as though Homer had returned to recite the Iliad in person,' the critic had written of his performance of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony. 'Carlos,' says Mark Elder 'is the head and shoulders above the rest of us. His few subsequent recordings have been taken from live concerts, like the Vienna New Year's Concert and his Munich Beethoven Fourth of 1985. He was born in Germany, grew up in South America, had an English governess, became an Argentine citizen, knows Cuba well, went to college in New York, studied chemistry in Switzerland, lives in Bavaria, is now a naturalised Austrian and has flirted with emigrating to Australia. Not that I recall, at least. His performances, which are often very fast, are renowned for their hyperaware intensity. Read about Die Fledermaus: Overture by Carlos Kleiber and see the artwork, lyrics and similar artists. Il fait (presque) toujours l’unanimité et est très apprécié des musiciens. Read about Die Fledermaus: Ouvertüre by Carlos Kleiber and see the artwork, lyrics and similar artists. Placido Domingo has worked, gloriously, with Kleiber on Otello, La Traviata and Carmen. Eisenstein is introduced to Adele, but is confused as to who she really is because of her striking resemblance to his maid. He once told the English National Opera's general manager Peter Jonas that he would like to conduct The Mikado, and when Jomas was in charge of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra he even persuaded Kleiber to perform George Butterworth's first English Idyll. In between came La Traviata, which he almost abandoned midway, and Die Fledermaus, as well as an acclaimed handful of Beethoven, Brahms, and Schubert symphonies with the Vienna Phlharmonic. The explanation is not hard to find. He chooses his work with such care. His relationship with Covent Garden dates from his 1974 debut conducting Richard Strauss's Der Rosenkavalier. Mon 1 Jan 1990 08.25Â EST The Guardian's Edward Greenfield felt that 'at no point with such aggressive exaggerations and idiosyncracies was it quite possible to dismiss the suspicion that here was a conductor determined at all costs to do things differently, to attract to himself rather than to the music.'. When Carlos was five, Erich Kleiber resigned in protest against Nazi interference, leading his family from temporary home to temporary home, before settling in Buenos Aires. He has a deep-freeze. He really listens to you and if you try to do something different he responds.'. In London last week a tall grey haired man walked in unannounced off the street in jeans and anorak carrying an old plastic bag to see a friend. Frank arrives. When the concert took place, on June 9, 1981, the audience was studded with famous musicians and the atmosphere was electric. 'My name is Mr Kleiber. The last, a searing and extraordinarily underestimated interpretation of Wagner's Tristan und Isolde, was made in 1982. With Eberhard Wächter, Pamela Coburn, Josef Hopferwieser, Benno Kusche. Classical Music December 4, … Just look at the list here! 3-6: 2. Blind's wig and glasses in order to disguise himself and confront the impersonator Alfred, whom Eisenstein now believes has cuckolded him. Despite the reviews, the LSO remains in close touch with Kleiber and managing director Clive Gillingson believes 'Carlos wants to work with the band again.' Yet perhaps his truer project, like Prospero's, is simply to please. This is partly a physical gift. 'He always has a trump card up his sleeve. Listen free to Carlos Kleiber – Strauss: Die Fledermaus. He won't take a permanent orchestral appointment, though if he did, Placido Domingo says, 'He could turn it into the greatest ensemble in history. Discover more music, concerts, videos, and pictures with the largest catalogue online at Last.fm. And it is true. And I'd have said exactly the same while Karajan was alive. He doesn't need to work more often than he does. Over the last 20 years, he has confined his appearances mainly to opera, chiefly in Munich, Milan, Vienna and London, interspersed with occasional concerts, mainly with the Bavarian State Orchestra, and increasingly rare forays into the recording studio. Rosalinde refuses at first, and threatens to divorce him, but Eisenstein tells her that his misbehavior was caused by the champagne. It was the last fulltime job he ever held. His sympathies are left of centre social democratic and, while no admirer of General Noriega, he has been ardently critical of the American invasion of Panama. These … Meanwhile, Alfred asks Frosch to summon Dr. We feel it all the same way. ', Superlatives attach themselves naturally to Carlos Kleiber .  Meilhac and HalÃ©vy had provided several successful libretti for Offenbach and Le RÃ©veillon later formed the basis for the 1926 silent film So This Is Paris, directed by Ernst Lubitsch. For Carlos Kleiber is a law unto himself. His detailed preparation of the pieces he does perform is the key to the intensity and fluency of his interpretations. His contemporaries all think he was a magician with the baton. Button to open and close the share menu To Media Center. Not surprisingly, Vienna now wants a second helping and Kleiber has provisionally agreed to return there in 1991. To hear him explain these things is incredible. ("Mein Herr Marquis"/"My lord marquis," sometimes referred to as "Adele's Laughing Song"). Falke, Eisenstein's friend, arrives to invite him to the ball (Duet: "Komm mit mir zum Souper"/"Come with me to the souper"). And many, if not most are star vehicles for aging very non-Germanic opera superstars, who don't master the German Operetta genre (this is their first and last, usually). , When the operetta came to Paris in 1877 at the ThÃ©Ã¢tre de la Renaissance, as La Tzigane, with IsmaÃ«l and Zulma Bouffar in the cast, it was not a success; only in 1904, with Meilhac and Halevy's original roles names and the words adapted by Paul Ferrier to the music (with Max Dearly and Ãve LavalliÃ¨re in the cast) did it find success in Paris and enter the repertoire there. (Finale, drinking song: "GlÃ¼cklich ist, wer vergisst"/"Happy is he who forgets" followed by Rosalinde's defence when Frank arrives: "Mit mir so spÃ¤t im tÃªte-Ã -tÃªte"/"In tÃªte-Ã -tÃªte with me so late," and Frank's invitation: "Mein schÃ¶nes, groÃes Vogelhaus"/"My beautiful, large bird-cage."). About; Synopsis; Munich reception history; Loyalty, betrayal, love and lies. 'He studies a great deal,' says a friend. But it's no exaggeration to say that he was among the best of them. He gives few performances, most of them in the opera house, and fewer still in the concert hall. When he launched the Vienna Philharmonic into Johann Strauss's Accelerationen Waltz, Carlos Kleiber was coming as close as he will probably ever come to offering himself to the world at large. To List of Performances Learn more. (Note: The "Champagne song", which is sung by the entire ensemble, should not be confused with the baritone aria "Fin ch' han dal vino" from Don Giovanni, which is often called the "Champagne aria".). L'ouverture de cette Fledermaus, en français Chauve-Souris, dirigée par Carlos Kleiber est d'une rare élégance, d'une rare transparence, d'une rare finesse; c'est l'Orchestre d'Etat de Bavière, mais on croirait entendre la Philharmonie de Vienne; l'ouverture promet donc beaucoup, mais c'est un peu plus que ce que les interprètes peuvent tenir. His witty handwritten letters are the delight of his close acquaintances. It was performed in New York under Rudolf Bial at the Stadt Theatre on 21 November 1874. First published on Mon 1 Jan 1990 08.25Â EST, Is he, I tentatively asked Placido Domingo, the best? He speaks six languages fluently, including Slovenian, and his excellent English was learned from his American mother Ruth and at English boarding schools in South America in the 1940s. 'Without any doubt,' came the great tenor's instant reply. Discover more music, concerts, videos, and pictures with the largest catalogue online at Last.fm. 'He is just like a magician,' Domingo continues. Together, they recall a practical joke which Eisenstein played on Falke a few years ago, for which Falke is secretly planning a light-hearted revenge in kind. Of course Kleiber is a complex figure. The surge of public interest was enormous. 'With him in charge I just feel that the music and I are absolutely as one. It would be a dream.'. One doesn't hear much of him because his discography is so slim. Certainly Kleiber performances are unforgettable and he inspires a rare fanaticism in his admirers. At the end of the programme of Weber's Freischutz overture, Schubert's third symphomy and Beethoven's seventh, the reception was tumultuous. The French custom of a New Year's Eve rÃ©veillon, or supper party, was not considered to provide a suitable setting for the Viennese theatre, so it was decided to substitute a ball for the rÃ©veillon. He is loathe to commit himself far in advance and, although he imposes strict conditions for his appearances, he rarely signs contracts. The man of whom musicians speak with such awe and adoration has refused to play ball with the international music business.  According to the archivist of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, "Twenty years after its production as a lyric opera in Vienna, [composer and conductor Gustav] Mahler raised the artistic status of Strauss's work by producing it at the Hamburg Opera House [...] all the leading opera houses in Europe, notably Vienna and Munich, have brightened their regular repertoire by including it for occasional performance. He's the best conductor in the world. (Watch duet: "Dieser Anstand, so manierlich"/"Her bearing, so well-mannered"). Jonathan Summers has sung Marcello in La Boheme for Kleiber in several theatres and has been impressed by this quality. Carlos Kleiber est un des plus grands chef d’orchestre du XXeme siècle. As he once told Leonard Bernstein: 'I want to grow in a garden, I want to have the sun, I want to eat and drink and sleep and make love, and that's it. Listen free to Carlos Kleiber – Strauss: Die Fledermaus (Highlights) (Die Fledermaus Overture, Die Fledermaus: Nr.1 Introduktion: "Täubchen, das entflattert ist" and more). There have been other projects, including a Ring for EMI, but nothing has come of them. The operetta premiered on 5 April 1874 at the Theater an der Wien in Vienna and has been part of the regular repertoire ever since. He was back in 1977 for Elektra, in 1979 for La Boheme and in 1980 for Placido Domingo's first London Otello. No one can say if he will in fact do so. The original literary source for Die Fledermaus was Das GefÃ¤ngnis (The Prison), a farce by German playwright Julius Roderich Benedix that premiered in Berlin in 1851. The modern Carlos Kleiber , the hugely sought after but unpredictable conductor with the unparalleled international reputation, dates from this time. The German premiÃ¨re took place at Munich's GÃ¤rtnerplatztheater in 1875. As he stood on the rostrum, his head slightly bowed so that he seemed to be smiling to himself rather than to the cheering audience, Kleiber was not just giving the concert which had preoccupied him for months. Recorded in 1975, this recording of Johann Strauss's most famous comic opera, "Die Fledermaus", is top notch, from Carlos Kleiber's golden years as a conductor. Kleiber was hastily contacted and agreed to deputise. Then Falke introduces the masked Rosalinde to the company.