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[24] After Klaus refused to finalize the Czech Republic's ratification of the Treaty of Lisbon unless the country was excluded from the Charter, as Poland and the United Kingdom had been,[23] EU leaders agreed in October 2009 to amend the protocol to include the Czech Republic at the time of the next accession treaty[25][26][27] in a measure designed to persuade Klaus to sign the treaty [28] which he subsequently signed. [16] Poland, on the other hand, disliked what it perceived as the Charter's liberal stance on social issues, and so in September 2007 the Polish government indicated that they wished to be included in the British protocol. "[20], In NS v Home Secretary, the ECJ ruled that Article 1(1) of the protocol "explains Article 51 of the Charter with regard to the scope thereof and does not intend to exempt the Republic of Poland or the United Kingdom from the obligation to comply with the provisions of the Charter or to prevent a court of one of those Member States from ensuring compliance with those provisions. Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Post-Brexit United Kingdom relations with the European Union, Treaty establishing the European Economic Community (Treaty of Rome), Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany, European Commissioner for Justice, Freedom & Security, "European Commission swears oath to respect the EU Treaties", "Bundesverfassungsgericht - Decisions - The Federal Constitutional Court reviews the domestic application of legislation that is fully harmonised under EU law on the basis of EU fundamental rights***When reviewing claims for injunctive relief against search engine operators, courts must take into account the freedom of expression afforded publishers of online contents", "New sticking points for Blair in draft text", "Poland to join UK in EU rights charter opt-out", "Application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU in the United Kingdom and Poland According to the Lisbon Treaty", "The Treaty of Lisbon and Fundamental Rights", EU (Withdrawal) Bill - Factsheet 6: The Charter of Fundamental Rights, "I will not sign Lisbon Treaty, says Czech President", "The Lisbon Treaty: ratification by the Czech Republic", "The Beneš Decrees and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights", EU treaty closer to ratification after Czech deal agreed, "European Parliament resolution of 22 May 2013 on the draft protocol on the application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union to the Czech Republic (Article 48(3) of the Treaty on European Union) (00091/2011 – C7-0385/2011 – 2011/0817(NLE))", "Application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union to the Czech Republic. As a result, the government decided to separate the proposed opt-out from the accession treaty bill. 欧州連合基本権憲章(おうしゅうれんごうきほんけんけんしょう)は、欧州連合の市民や域内の住民の政治的、社会的、経済的権利を法的に定める文書。2000年に起草、公布されたが、当初は法的拘束力を持つ文書ではなかった。しかしリスボン条約の発効により、欧州連合基本憲章は、他の欧州連合基本条約と同様に法的拘束力を持つこととなった 。 The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights has been incorporated into European constitutional law ten years after it was adopted by the EU institutions. Charter of Fundamental Rights in European Union Member States. One view, shared by Jan Jirásek,[18] is that the protocol is an opt-out that excludes the application of the Charter to Poland and the United Kingdom. The EEC Treaty was written a few years after the failure of the European Defence Community Treaty and the European Political Community Treaty. It was drafted by the European Convention and solemnly proclaimed on 7 December 2000 by the European Parliament, the Council of Ministers and the European Commission. National Identity, Political Interest and Human Rights in Europe: The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union - Volume 32 Issue 2 Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. The EU has attempted to raise the profile of the Charter so that citizens are more aware of their rights. A consequence of this is that the EU will not be able to legislate to vindicate a right set out in the Charter unless the power to do such is set out in the Treaties proper. However, its then legal status was uncertain and it did not have full legal effect[1] until the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon on 1 December 2009. Case 222/84 [1986] ECR 1651, [1986] 3 CMLR 240. Fundamental rights in the EU legislative process, the role of the Fundamental Rights Agency, and annual reports on the application of the Charter. If you can improve it, please do.This article has been rated as Start-Class.This article is within the scope of WikiProject European Union, a collaborative effort to improve the … Article 51(1) of the Charter addresses the Charter to the EU's institutions, bodies established under EU law and, when implementing EU laws, the EU's member states. In that time the Charter developed from a ‘solemn proclamation’ to a persuasive On a reference from the German court, the ECJ ruled that whilst the application of Union law could not depend on its consistency with national constitutions, fundamental rights did form an "integral part of the general principles of [European Community] law" and that inconsistency with fundamental rights could form the basis of a successful challenge to a European law.[3]. The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (CFR) enshrines certain political, social, and economic rights for European Union (EU) citizens and residents into EU law. While the court's fundamental rights jurisprudence was approved by the institutions in 1977[4] and a statement to that effect was inserted into the Maastricht Treaty[5] it was only in 1999 that the European Council formally went about the initiating the process of drafting a codified catalogue of fundamental rights for the EU. It was at the same time, however, decided to defer making a decision on the Charter's legal status. Media in category "Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union" The following 10 files are in this category, out of 10 total. Several states insisted upon an opt-out from national application of the charter (see below for details). The wording in Kremzow v Austria, referring to the "field of application of EU law", differs from the wording in the Charter which refers to the implementation of EU law. Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (OJ C 202, 7.6.2016, pp. by our expert law writers. It is annexed to the treaties and is now applied by the European Union courts. Introduction The right to asylum is recognized by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union 1 (hereinafter, the Charter), that was solemnly proclaimed on 7 December 2000 by the three main European Union (EU) institutions, namely, the European Parliament, the Council, and the Commission, on the fringe of a meeting of the European Council in Nice. During the ratification of the Treaty of Lisbon, Czech President Václav Klaus expressed concern that the Charter would allow families of Germans who were expelled from territory in modern-day Czech Republic after the Second World War to challenge the expulsion before the EU's courts,[23] though legal experts have suggested that the laws under which the Germans were expelled, the Beneš decrees, did not fall under the jurisdiction of EU law. The Convention adopted the draft on 2 October 2000 and it was solemnly proclaimed by the European Parliament, the Council of Ministers and the European Commission on 7 December 2000. On 3 May 2010, the European Commission swore a solemn declaration at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg, pledging to respect the EU Treaties and to be completely independent in carrying out their duties during their mandate. Furthermore, individuals will not be able to take a member state to court for failing to uphold the rights in the Charter unless the member state in question was implementing EU law. With the deposit of the Czech Republic's instrument of ratification, the Lisbon Treaty entered into force on 1 December 2009. All EU member states are, and candidate states are required to be, signatories to the Council of Europe's European Convention on Human Rights, so that many principles from the convention, such as the right to a fair trial, were taken as the baseline for European Court of Justice jurisprudence even before their formal reiteration in Charter. The FRA promotes the application of the Charter across the EU as a means For example, the EU Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) has produced apps for iOS[49] and Android[50] with the text of the Charter in all EU languages and related information. 389-405) RELATED DOCUMENTS Report from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: 2015 Report on the Application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights ( COM(2016) 265 final , 18.5.2016) The protocol, in article 1(1) states that the "Charter does not extend the ability of the Court of Justice of the European Union, or any court or tribunal of Poland or of the United Kingdom, to find that the laws, regulations or administrative provisions, practices or actions of Poland or of the United Kingdom are inconsistent with the fundamental rights, freedoms and principles that it reaffirms." Thus, the Czech Republic would still be bound by the Charter even if they were added to the Protocol. It was drafted by the European Convention and solemnly proclaimed on 7 December 2000 by the European Parliament , the Council of Ministers and the European Commission . Since 2009, fundamental rights have been elevated to treaty level, as the Treaty of Lisbon makes reference to the Charter of Fundamental Rights. In interpreting the human rights protections provided by the general principles of EU law (described in the Court cases section above), the ECJ had already dealt with the issue of whether the rights protected by those general principles applied to member states. Doc. In October 2012, the committee approved the report,[34] and a third draft of the report was published on 11 December 2012. Chartering Europe: the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union a working paper aimed at interpreting the Charter, by Agustín José Menéndez, senior researcher at ARENA European Women’s Lobby (EWL) - Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU a position paper by the EWL praising the final draft of the Charter (November 2000). The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) provides independent advice to EU institutions and Member States on the rights set out in the Charter. Under the Charter, the European Union must act and legislate consistently with the Charter and the EU's courts will strike down legislation adopted by the EU's institutions that contravenes it. [44] In May 2014, the Council of the European Union formally withdrew their recommendation to hold an Intergovernmental Conference of member states to consider the proposed amendments to the treaties.[45][46][47][48]. 欧州連合基本権憲章(おうしゅうれんごうきほんけんけんしょう)は、欧州連合の市民や域内の住民の政治的、社会的、経済的権利を法的に定める文書。2000年に起草、公布されたが、当初は法的拘束力を持つ文書ではなかった。しかしリスボン条約の発効により、欧州連合基本憲章は、他の欧州連合基本条約と同様に法的拘束力を持つこととなった[1]。, 本憲章のもとでは、欧州連合は憲章に沿って行動し、法令を制定しなければならず、また憲章に違反する欧州連合の法令に対して欧州連合司法裁判所はこれを無効と宣言する。本憲章は欧州連合の法令を執行しようとするさいの加盟国に対してのみ適用されるものであり、基本条約で与えられた範囲を超えるような形で欧州連合の権能を拡張するものではない。, 欧州経済共同体設立条約には基本権や人権に対する言及が含まれていなかった。同条約は欧州防衛共同体や欧州政治共同体の設立条約の発効が断念されたのちに起草されたものである。とくに欧州政治共同体設立条約は権利に関する規定を含んでいたものであり、この条約の失敗を踏まえて欧州経済共同体設立条約では政治的な要素を含めることを避けようとした[2]。ところが欧州経済共同体設立条約が経済的な目的に徹したことで基本権についての施策を持たせないとする考えはまもなく試練を迎えることとなった。, 欧州経済共同体設立条約が発効すると、欧州経済共同体はその政策が経済的な目的を超えて波及していることから政治的な主体として存在するようになった。1964年、欧州司法裁判所は Costa v ENEL の案件[3]で、共同体の法令は競合する加盟国の国内法に優先するという判断を下した。この判決は、加盟国政府は共同体において合意した事項を国内における競合措置を実施することで回避することができないどころか、共同体では加盟国の憲法における基本権規定による制限を受けずに法令を定めることができうるということさえも示すものであった。このような論点は1970年の裁判でも論争となり、ドイツの裁判所は共同体の法令がドイツ連邦共和国基本法に違反していると判示していた。しかしながらドイツの裁判所の判断に対し、欧州司法裁判所は、共同体法の適用は当該国の憲法にかなうものであるかに関わらないものである一方、基本権は「(共同体の)法の一般原則の不可分な部分」を構成するものであり、基本権との矛盾はヨーロッパの司法に対して訴訟を提起しえる根拠を構成すると判示した[4]。, この判決において欧州司法裁判所は事実上、共同体の機関を拘束する不文の権利の原則を作り出した。裁判所の基本権に関する管轄が1977年に共同体の諸機関によって認められた[5]、また欧州連合条約第 F 条(発効時)で基本条約にその効力が組み込まれたものの、欧州理事会が公式に欧州連合の基本権の法典化に着手することになったのは1999年のことであった。, 1999年、欧州理事会は基本権憲章を起草する「国家元首および政府首脳、欧州委員会委員長、ならびに欧州議会と国内議会の議員の代表で構成される組織」を設置することを提案した[6]。これを受けて同年12月にこの「組織」は人権と基本的自由に関する欧州コンベンションとされた[7]。, 2000年10月2日にコンベンションは草案を採択し、同年12月7日に欧州議会、閣僚理事会、欧州委員会は本憲章を公布した。ところが同時に、憲章の法的地位を定めることについては先送りすることが決定された[8]。それでも憲章は3つの主要機関の承認を受けるという政治的重要性を備えており、欧州司法裁判所も基本権の根拠としてたびたび用いていた。, 発効が断念された欧州憲法条約では、憲章は修正が加えられたうえで欧州憲法条約の一部となるはずであった。欧州憲法条約の代替となるリスボン条約でも憲章は、基本条約に組み込まれるのではなく独立した文書としてではあるが、法的拘束力を持つことになっていた。ただしいずれの場合にせよ憲章は修正されることになっていた。, 2009年にリスボン条約が発効したことを受けて、基本権憲章は欧州連合基本条約と同等の地位を有するようになった。リスボン条約で示される憲章とは、リスボン条約の署名前日に同じ3つの機関が公布した、2000年の文書に修正を加えたものである。, 憲章の第51条第1項において、本憲章は欧州連合の諸機関、欧州連合の法令によって設立された組織、そして欧州連合の法令を執行する場合における加盟国を対象としている。また欧州連合条約第6条と本憲章第51条第2項では、欧州連合の権能を拡張することを制限している。このため欧州連合は基本条約において定めがなければ、憲章で定められた権利を守るための法令を制定できないということになる。また問題となる加盟国が欧州連合の法令を執行していなければ個人は憲章における権利を守ることができないため、個人が加盟国を相手に訴訟を提起することができない。これはもっとも議論となった点である。, 本憲章は欧州連合における最初の人権規定ではない。上述の欧州連合の法令の一般原則を解釈するにあたって欧州司法裁判所は従来から、そのような一般原則が加盟国に適用できるかどうかという案件を扱ってきた。Johnston v Royal Ulster Constabulary[9] では、公正な手続きに対する権利は共同体の法令の一般原理であると判示し、また Kremzow v Austria [10] では、欧州司法裁判所は殺人に対する不当判決に関して加盟国が一般原理を適用しなければならないかどうかということを決めなければならなかった。この裁判で原告は、自らに対する不当判決とその判決文が欧州連合域内で自由に移動する権利を侵害しているという理由で、この裁判は欧州連合の法令の適用対象となると主張した。これに対して欧州司法裁判所は、原告が有罪とする法令は欧州連合の法令への適合が確保されるように制定されていないため、原告の主張は欧州連合の法令の対象から外れているとした。, リスボン条約の署名に先立って行なわれた協議で、ポーランドとイギリスは自国に対する基本権憲章の適用に関する議定書を付属させた。また2009年10月にはこの議定書について、次の加盟条約の発効でチェコに対してもその対象とするように修正することで合意した[11]。, この議定書は2か条で構成されている。第1条第1項では、ポーランドとイギリスの国内における「法令、規則、行政規程」が憲章に整合しないということを両国の国内裁判所および欧州連合司法裁判所が判断することを除外している。まだ第1条第2項では、経済的および社会的権利についてうたっている憲章の第4編は司法判断適合性の権利を創出しないとしている。, これらの3か国が議定書を協議した理由は異なるものである。イギリスは憲章に法的拘束力を持たせると、市民が憲章で定める権利を主張しようと欧州司法裁判所に向かったり[12]、またそれにかかる訴訟費用が増大したりする[13]という結果を懸念して、憲章に法的拘束力を持たせるということに反対してきた。イギリスは断念された欧州憲法条約では憲章に法的拘束力を持たせることを許容していたが、リスボン条約での協議では憲章で欧州司法裁判所の権限がイギリスの国内法を超えることがないことを保障する議定書を求めた[14]。, 憲章が社会的な問題に関してリベラルな立場をとっているということに懸念を持っていたことから、2007年9月にポーランド政府はイギリスに対する議定書にポーランドもその対象にすることを望んだ[15]。また2009年末、欧州連合加盟国の首脳らはチェコ大統領ヴァーツラフ・クラウスにリスボン条約への署名を納得させようと、チェコも対象とするように議定書を修正することを約束した[11][16]。クラウスは以前から、憲章によって第二次世界大戦後にチェコ領から追放されたドイツ系民族が欧州連合司法裁判所に対して訴訟を提起するのではないかという懸念を表明していた。この問題の解決のためにリスボン条約で憲章の適用除外を求めていたのである[17]。クラウスが求めていた議定書は最終的に提示されたものと関連性がなかったにもかかわらず、クラウスはリスボン条約に署名した。なお問題となったベネシュ布告が欧州連合司法裁判所で訴訟として扱われる余地は皆無であった[18][19]。, 議定書がどのような効果を持つのかという点についてはさまざまな議論がかわされている。主張には議定書はポーランドやイギリスに対する憲章の適用を除外する[20]というものがある一方で、議定書は法的重要性を持たない、または限られているとする解釈的なものにすぎないという主張もある[21]。, 憲章は7編54か条で構成されている。このうち前6編は尊厳、自由、平等、連帯、市民権、司法という見出しとともに実体的権利をうたっている。また第7編は憲章の解釈と適用についてうたっている。憲章の大部分は人権と基本的自由の保護のための条約、欧州社会憲章、欧州司法裁判所の判例、既存の欧州連合の法令の規定を基礎として作られている。, 欧州連合は市民が自らの権利をより認識できるように憲章の注目度を上げようとしており、全ての欧州連合の言語で書かれた憲章のミニブックを出版するなどした。, また欧州基本権機関は、憲章を音楽、ダンス、マルチメディアなどを伴った80分にわたる叙事詩を募集した。この叙事詩は権利に対する認識を向上することや憲章をわかりやすくすることが狙いとなっている[22][23]。, Харта на основните права на Европейския съюз, Carta de los Derechos Fundamentales de la Unión Europea, Den Europæiske Unions charter om grundlæggende rettigheder, Charta der Grundrechte der Europäischen Union, Χάρτης των Θεμελιωδών Δικαιωμάτων της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Charte des droits fondamentaux de l'Union européenne, Cairt um Chearta Bunúsacha an Aontais Eorpaigh, Carte dei diritti fondamentali dell'Unione europea, Europos sąjungos pagrindinių teisių chartija, Il-Karta tad-Drittijiet Fundamentali ta' l-Unjoni Ewropea, Handvest van de grondrechten van de Europese Unie, Carta dos Direitos Fundamentais da União Europeia, Carta drepturilor fundamentale a Uniunii Europene, Europeiska unionens stadga om de grundläggande rättigheterna, Internationale Handelsgesellschaft mbH v Einfuhr- und Vorratsstelle für Getreide und Futtermittel, Joint Declaration by the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission concerning the protection of fundamental rights and the European Convention for the Protecion of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, Colonge European Council - Presidency Conclusions, The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Nice European Council - Presidency Conclusions, Marguerite Johnston v Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary, Brussels European Council 29/30 October 2009 - Presidency Conclusions, New sticking points for Blair in draft text, EU Reform Treaty Abandons Constitutional Approach, Poland to join UK in EU rights charter opt-out, I will not sign Lisbon Treaty, says Czech President, The Lisbon Treaty: ratification by the Czech Republic, The Beneš Decrees and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, Application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU in the United Kingdom and Poland According to the Lisbon Treaty, The Treaty of Lisbon and Fundamental Rights, Charter of Fundamental Rights to be re-written as 80-minute-long epic poem, Negotiated procedure - presentation of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights in Poems, Official Journal of the European Union 2010/C 83, https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=欧州連合基本権憲章&oldid=82845617, 第5編は欧州議会の選挙での投票や欧州連合域内における移動といった、欧州連合の市民の権利についてうたっている。また適正な行政を受ける権利、文書を閲覧する権利、欧州議会に. In 2010, the FRA put out a tender for poets to turn the Charter into an 80-minute-long epic poem, with music, dance and multimedia elements. The scope of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union is defined in Article 51 thereof, pursuant to which: ‘ Y. It became legally binding with the coming into force of the This meant that national governments could not escape what they had agreed to at a European level by enacting conflicting domestic measures, but it also potentially meant that the EEC legislator could legislate unhindered by the restrictions imposed by fundamental rights provisions enshrined in the constitutions of member states. In 2019, the German Federal Constitutional Court established in Recht auf Vergessen II that it applies the Charter as the standard of review for matters regarding EU law and its national implementation, under the premise that the Charter offers sufficiently effective protection of relevant fundamental rights when compared to the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany.[13]. [32], A vote on a draft report by the European Parliament Constitutional Affairs Committee in January 2012 recommending against granting the Czech Republic's request to be added to Protocol 30 resulted in a tie. The latter treaty had included rights provisions and Craig and de Búrca argue that, in light of that failure, the drafters of the EEC Treaty wished to eschew any implicitly political elements. This was also to raise awareness and to simplify the legal text into more understandable language. One is to protect the fundamental human rights for EU citizens, and the other is to The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union enshrines into primary EU law a wide array of fundamental rights enjoyed by EU citizens and residents. [8] However, it did come with the political weight of having been approved by three powerful institutions and as such was regularly cited by the ECJ as a source of fundamental rights. During the Czech Republic's parliamentary ratification of the accession treaty in the spring of 2012, the government attempted to combine the approval of the Charter opt-out with the ratification bill. According to the findings of the 2010 Annual Report 3 citizens often misunderstand when the Charter does and does not apply. 1. "[21], Under section 5(4) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, the Charter of Fundamental Rights was not retained in UK law after its exit from the EU.[22]. Much of Charter is based on the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), European Social Charter, the case-law of the European Court of Justice and pre-existing provisions of European Union law. [12] However, the amended explanatory memorandum issued alongside the Charter in 2007 describes the wording used in the Charter as reflecting ECJ precedent. Fact Sheets on the European Union - 2017 3 CONTENT The Charter of Fundamental Rights is divided into seven titles, six of which are devoted to listing specific types of rights while the last clarifies the scope of application of the [17], There is considerable debate concerning the legal effect of the protocol. In the negotiations leading up to the signing to the Lisbon Treaty, Poland and the United Kingdom secured a protocol to the treaty relating to the application of the Charter of the Fundamental Rights in their respective countries. Human rights in Europe Territorial scope of C-299/95 [1997] ECR I-2629, [1997] 3 CMLR 1289. Accordingly, the Protocol is "unlikely that it will have any significant effect in practice. After that treaty's failure, its replacement, the Lisbon Treaty (2007), also gave force to the Charter albeit by referencing it as an independent document rather than by incorporating it into the treaty itself. This entry about Charter on Fundamental Rights of the European Union has been published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0) licence, which permits unrestricted use and reproduction, provided It contains 50 legally binding articles related to The Charter became legally binding when the Treaty of Lisbon entered into force on 1 Dec. 2009, as the Treaty confers on the Charter the same legal value as the Treaties. FRA also engages in legal and social science research to identify The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union enshrines certain political, social, and economic rights for European Union (EU) citizens and residents, into EU law. By virtue of this treaty, the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights became a binding primary source of EU law. Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union has been listed as a level-5 vital article in Society. On the coming into force of the Lisbon Treaty on 1 December 2009, Justice Commissioner Viviane Reding proposed that Commissioners should swear to uphold all EU treaties and the Charter. The Treaty establishing the European Economic Community (Treaty of Rome) did not include any reference to fundamental or human rights. The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights is providing fundamental rights assistance and expertise to EU institutions and the Member States. )", "SECOND DRAFT REPORT on the draft protocol on the application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union to the Czech Republic (Article 48(3) of the Treaty on European Union)", "Senate unanimously nods to Croatia's EU accession", "European Union (Croatian Accession and Irish Protocol) Bill", "Duff welcomes vote against Czech attack on Charter", Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe, "Third draft report – on the draft protocol on the application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union to the Czech Republic (2011/0817 NLE)", "European Parliament rejects Czech 'opt-out' on charter of fundamental rights", "European Parliament decision of 22 May 2013 on the European Council's proposal not to convene a Convention for the addition of a Protocol on the application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union to the Czech Republic, to the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (00091/2011 – C7-0386/2011 – 2011/0818(NLE))", "Dienstbier as minister wants scrapping of EU pact's Czech opt-out", "Jiří Dienstbier chce, aby Česko požádalo o zrušení výjimky v Lisabonské smlouvě", "Czech government to give up EU Charter opt-out", "Premiér Sobotka se v Bruselu setkal s předsedou Evropské komise Barrosem i předsedou Evropského parlamentu Schulzem", "Czechs give up EU rights charter opt-out, plan joining fiscal pact", Charter of Fundamental Rights to be re-written as 80-minute-long epic poem, EU commissioner kills off 'undignified' rights charter poem, "Increasing Rights' Protection in the EU: The Charter of Fundamental Rights in Trajectory of Enforcement", Charter (2000), original version as proclaimed by the institutions, The Charter in the latest (2012) consolidated version of the Lisbon Treaty, European Parliament’s explanation of the Charter, The Charter on the European Commission's website, Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community, Netherlands Antilles Association Convention, Treaty establishing the European Defence Community, Treaty establishing the European Political Community, Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, Treaty Establishing the European Stability Mechanism, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charter_of_Fundamental_Rights_of_the_European_Union&oldid=1001642796, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Institutions and member states of the European Union, Consolidate and enshrine the broad array of rights afforded to citizens of the European Union, This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 16:44.

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