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[22] All new acts of the institutions were required to be adopted and published in Maltese from 30 April 2007. [70] 28% of the respondents state that they speak two foreign languages well enough to have a conversation. Neither Luxembourg nor Cyprus have yet used the provision of 13 June 2005 resolution to benefit from use in official EU institutions. Furthermore, legislation specifically concerning the Sami must be translated to these languages. Vietnamce a Bělorusy, Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms, "Tájékoztatom, hogy a Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Nyelvtudományi intézete 2004, január 6-ai ülésén döntést hozott arról, hogy az eszperantó elő idegen nyelvnek minősül. Germanic languages are spoken in central and northern Europe and include Danish, Dutch, English, German, and Swedish. Today, several institutions of the European Union use Latin in their logos and domain names instead of listing their names in all the official languages. Show your support by sharing it. Another interesting step would be to translate important public websites, such as the one of the European Central Bank, or Frontex web site also, in at least one other language than English or French. The European Commission has also supported some initiatives to produce digital technologies that can better support signers, such as Dicta-Sign and SignSpeak.[55]. 3(3) TEU). 2,000 speakers), Skolt Sami (400) and Inari Sami (300) have limited local recognition in certain municipalities of Finnish Lapland. Which are the most important? All the more reason to add another language under your belt now. In March 2010 fact-sheets in Russian produced by the EU executive's offices in Latvia were withdrawn, provoking criticism from Plaid Cymru MEP and European Free Alliance group President Jill Evans who called European Commission to continue to provide information in non-official EU languages and commented that "it's disappointing to hear that the EU is bowing to pressure to exclude Russian speakers in the Baltic in this way".[50]. About this Worksheet. Why not add it to your repertoire for your next trip to Amsterdam? The languages of the European Union are languages used by people within the member states of the European Union (EU). (D… Dutch is the official language of the Netherlands but also enjoys co-official status in Belgium. Within France, Metropolitan French is spoken in major cities such as Paris and Marseille, whereas a slightly different dialect known as Meridional French is often used in regional areas. Official Languages of the European Union To be an official language of the European Union, the language must be both an official and a working language within a member state. For millennia, Latin served as a lingua franca for administrative, scholarly, religious, political, and other purposes in parts of the present-day European Union. Europe is home to hundreds of languages, including some of the most widely spoken languages in the world. in and around Paris. [2] One language (Irish) previously had the lower status of "treaty language" before being upgraded to an official and working language in 2007, although it has been temporarily derogated as a working language until 2022 due to difficulty in finding qualified translators and interpreters. Many European countries that speak English do so as their second language, throughout the continent, a large percentage of the population can speak two, three and sometimes even four languages, for example, language learning app Babbel found this to be the case in one of the smallest countries in Europe, Luxembourg! For those looking for a special vacation, experiencing Istanbul — the city half in Europe and half in Asia — cannot be beat! 1 This does not refer to the total population of the countries.2 40% of those who speak French are native speakers, for a total of 85%.3 Includes about 30% native speakers4 Includes more than 30% native speakers. But what languages dominate this diverse region? are spoken in many parts of the EU by migrants and refugees who have left the region as a result of the Yugoslav wars and unrest there. [12] Documents which a member state or a person subject to the jurisdiction of a member state sends to institutions of the Community may be drafted in any one of the official languages selected by the sender. 2003. language taught and the proportions of pupils learning it are fast approaching those found in the European Union. Some of them may have some official status within the member state and count many more speakers than some of the lesser-used official languages. Russian is the native language of about 1.6 million Baltic Russians residing in Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania, as well as a sizeable community of about 3.5 million in Germany and as a major immigrant language elsewhere in the EU, e.g. [23] As a Treaty Language, Irish was an official procedural language of the European Court of Justice. All languages of the EU are also working languages. Important families include the British, French, and German sign language families. Rules governing the languages in the institutions", "COM(2003)449: Promoting Language Learning and Linguistic Diversity: an Action Plan 2004–2006", "EUROPA – Education and Training – Action Plan Promoting language learning and linguistic diversity", European parliament has 24 official languages, but MEPs prefer English, English will remain the working language of the EU after Brexit, English will not be an official EU language after Brexit, says senior MEP, Britain is leaving the EU, but its language will stay, "EUR-Lex - 01958R0001-20130701 - EN - EUR-Lex", "Languages of Europe – Official EU languages", "Federal law on the legal status of Austrian minorities", "National minorities andminority languages". Parlez-vous Français? And let’s not forget that Europe also embraces notable cultural attitudes, like community, tolerance, and liberal democracy. Reasonably good language competences are perceived in relatively small member states with several state languages, lesser used native languages or "language exchange" with neighbouring countries. It also has co-official status in Cypress and is widely spoken around the Mediterranean, particularly in Macedonia, Greece and Serbia. In Hungary it is officially recognised by the Ministry of Education as a foreign language;[58] and examinations in Esperanto may be used to meet the requirements of knowledge of foreign languages needed to complete university or high school. Ready to discover the magic of Europe for yourself? That said, French’s global reach is even more impressive than its usefulness in Europe, as almost 30 countries claim French as an official language or an administrative language! Galician in particular, not being itself a European Parliament official language, can be used and is in fact used by some European Parliament constituents as a spoken dialect of Portuguese due to its similarity with this language. Almost half of the respondents—44%—do not know any other language than their native language. Collectively, almost 10% of the European population speaks Polish as a first, second or third language. English. While this may seem like a small number, this language is pretty easy to pick up for native English speakers, especially compared to the other Germanic languages! However, the EU Parliament has stated clearly that language education is the responsibility of member states. Deirdre Fottrell, Bill Bowring – 1999 Minority and Group Rights in the New Millennium. What are the working languages of the European Commission? They are based on the conclusions of the Grin Report,[64] which concluded that it would hypothetically allow savings to the EU of €25 billion a year (€54 for every citizen) and have other benefits. [27][28], The regulation means that legislation adopted by both the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers is translated into Irish, and interpretation from Irish is available at European Parliament plenary sessions and some Council meetings. In addition, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Hungarian, Italian, Slovak, and Slovene are official languages in multiple EU countries at the regional level. The European Union's legal powers on legislative acts and other initiatives on language policy are based on the provisions of the Treaties of the European Union. 19/2006 30.11.2006", https://euobserver.com/institutional/132476, Proposal for an ACT OF ADAPTATION OF THE TERMS OF ACCESSION OF THE UNITED CYPRUS REPUBLIC TO THE EUROPEAN UNION, "Russian speakers 'excluded' from EU brochures in Latvia", National Minorities Policy of the Government of the Czech Republic, Česko má nové oficiální národnostní menšiny. Von Albanisch bis Zulu. [5] Though the EU has very limited influence in this area, as the content of educational systems is the responsibility of individual member states, a number of EU funding programmes actively promote language learning and linguistic diversity.[6]. In Europe there are 11 officially-recognised EU languages and several smaller regional ones. Beginning with the Lingua programme [fr] in 1990, the European Union invests more than €30 million a year (out of a €120 billion EU budget) promoting language learning through the Socrates and Leonardo da Vinci programmes in bursaries to enable language teachers to be trained abroad, placing foreign language assistants in schools, funding class exchanges to motivate pupils to learn languages, creating new language courses on CDs and the Internet, and projects that raise awareness of the benefits of language learning. Italian is the official language of Italy, San Marino, Vatican City, and Croatia. Citizens belonging to minorities, which traditionally and on long-term basis live within the territory of the Czech Republic, enjoy the right to use their language in communication with authorities and in front of the courts of law (for the list of recognized minorities see. Latin, along with Greek, was at the core of education in Europe from the schools of rhetoric of the Roman Republic in all of its provinces and territories, through the medieval trivium and quadrivium, through the humanists and the Renaissance, all the way to Newton's Principia Mathematica Philosophiae Naturalis (just to name one example of thousands of scientific works written in this language), to the public schools of all European countries, where Latin (along with Greek) was at the core of their curricula. We rank the Top 10. It is one of the official languages of Ireland, along with Irish, … Regulations and other documents of general application are drafted in the twenty-four official languages. "With 20 Official Languages, Is EU Lost in Translation?". If you consider the percentage of the population that learned French as a second language, then over 30% of European inhabitants know the language, making it a great choice for those that want to travel around the continent. There are many Russian-speaking immigrants in Germany[53] and France. Sharing with attribution helps me create more maps. language repertoire, namely the European Language Portfolio. ", https://www.politico.eu/article/we-will-all-be-speaking-german-soon-language-brussels/?utm_campaign=Brussel%20Inside&utm_medium=email&utm_source=Revue%20newsletter, "Appendix 5: Written Evidence of Advocate General Sharpston", Consolidated version of the Treaty establishing the European Community, Articles 149 to 150, European Parliament Fact Sheets: 4.16.3. Ready to discover the magic of Europe for yourself? 22) and in the Treaty on European Union (art. Approximately 1 in 5 Europeans can be described as an active language learner (i.e., someone who has recently improved his/her language skills or intends to do so over the following 12 months). It’s no wonder that tourism in 2017 was at an all-time high! 28% of Europeans indicate that they know either French (14%) or German (14%), along with their native language. The majority of these languages evolved from the Indo-European family language tree. As a Babbel subscriber you’ll enjoy a 10% discount on any Intrepid trip departing before December 31, 2018. Vietnamese is one of the 14 recognized minority languages in the Czech Republic. [40][41][42], On 3 July 2006, the European Parliament's Bureau approved a proposal by the Spanish State to allow citizens to address the European Parliament in Basque, Catalan/Valencian and Galician, two months after its initial rejection.[43][44]. Co-official in certain municipalities in the region of. Members of the European Parliament have the right to use any official language when speaking in Parliament. French is the official language in Monaco, West Switzerland, and Brussels, as well as the jointly official language in Belgium, Switzerland, and Luxembourg. [51] Most languages of Europe belong to the Indo-European language family. The most widely understood language in the EU is English, which is understood by 44% of all adults, while German is the most widely used mother tongue, spoken by 18%. The Council granted recognition to "languages other than the languages referred to in Council Regulation No 1/1958 whose status is recognised by the Constitution of a Member State on all or part of its territory or the use of which as a national language is authorised by law." Ukraine is actually the largest country by area in Europe (when one excludes France’s overseas territories and the asian continental portion of Russia). For internal purposes the EU institutions are allowed by law to choose their own language arrangements. When you want to experience the authentic Italian way of life on your travels, then learning Italian is a must! If you consider the percentage of the population that learned French as a second language, then over 30% of European inhabitants know the language, making it a great choice for those that want to travel around the continent. The EU has 24 official languages, of which three (English, French and German) have the higher status of "procedural" languages[1] of the European Commission (whereas the European Parliament accepts all official languages as working languages). The use of English vs. French depends a lot on the unit or directorate. Start learning a language for your next trip today! The Spanish governments have sought to give some official status in the EU for the languages of the autonomous communities of Spain, Catalan/Valencian, Galician and Basque.

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